Primary congenital, or infantile, glaucoma is elevated intraocular pressure with onset in the first year of life. It occurs in about 1 out of 10,000 births and results in blindness in approximately 10% of cases and reduced vision (worse than 20/50) in about half of all cases.
The diagnosis of primary congenital glaucoma can often be made clinically, even without an accurate measurement of intraocular pressure. The hallmark of the disease is an elevated intraocular pressure. The primary symptoms of primary congenital glaucoma are epiphora (watering), photophobia, and blepharospasm. Reduced vision can also occur from corneal edema or progressive myopia and/or astigmatism.
The management of primary congenital glaucoma is directed toward lowering and controlling the intraocular pressure and treating the secondary complications such as refractive change and amblyopia that develop during the course of the disease.
The mainstay of treatment is angle surgery, either goniotomy or trabeculotomy, to lower intraocular pressure by improving aqueous outflow.
Feel free to Contact us at +91-8130780790 for your Child Eye Problems and Eye Surgery.