Amblyopia or lazy eye occurs when one eye becomes weaker than the other in childhood. Initially screening is important because treatment is more effective when started earlier. Amblyopia is the most common reason for vision loss in kiddies, affecting 2 to 4 of children through the age of 15 years.
A child might be more likely to have a Amblyopia if they
• Were born premature
• Were lower in weight than average at birth
• Have a generic history of Amblyopia or other eye conditions
• Have intellectual disabilities or developmental delay
• Trouble telling how near or far off something is( depth perception)
• Squinting or shuting one eye
• Constantly slant their head to one side
Although exercises for the eye would not hurt the amblyopia there's no good proof that suggests they can help on their own. With manifest on treatment you should following the exercise
• Color in the lines.
• Hold a pencil near your nose. Move it off, that bring it near. Focus on it as it moves.
• Do bafflement while wearing a patch on the stronger eye.
• Read while tiring a patch over the stronger eye.
• Corrective eyewear: Spectacles or contact lenses can correct problems like nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia that affect in Amblyopia.
• Eye patches: To stimulate the weaker eye, your child wears an eye patch over the eye with better vision for two to six or more than 6 hours a day. In rare cases, wearing an eye patch too long can effect amblyopia to develop in the patchy eye. Still it's generally reversible.
• Bangerter Filter: This particular filter is placed on the eyeglass lens of the stronger eye. The filter blurs the stronger eye and, like an eye patch, works to restorative the weaker eye.
• Eyedrops: An eyedrop of a muscle relaxant called atropine can temporarily blur vision in the stronger eye. Generally specified for use on weekends or daily, use of the drops encourages your child to use the weaker eye, and offers an replacement to a patch. Repercussion include sensitiveness to light and eye vexation.
• Surgery: Your child might need surgery if he or she has droopy eyelids or cataracts that effect impoverishment amblyopia, If your child's eyes continue to cross or wander seprately with the applicable spectacles. However your consultant might recommend surgical form to straighten the eyes, in addition to other lazy eye treatments.
A Patient experiences sudden vision loss just by chance on closing one eye while playing or at school. It should be treated as a medical emergency, and they should seek medical attention immediately. To diagnose vision loss, a consultant may conduct an eye examination. They may shine a light in the person’s eyes or ask them to read the letters on a table to measure their vision. Diagnosis include a neurological examination to test the function of the eyes and brain.
Amblyopia is a usual cause of vision loss in children. Little one should have early and regular vision screening so consultant can identify vision problems. Treatments, like as a patch or spectacles, can be effective when started at the earliest before vision loss is severe. Pediatricians and schools offer vision checkup. Talk to your consultant if you notice any vision or eye problems in your child.
Earlier , it was thought that adults or children beyond 8 years of age cannot be offered any treatment for lazy eye. Good News. Now the AI based softwares of Vision therapy are available like Bynocs, Curesee, Revital Vision, iNET etc which have shown promising results in tretment of amblyopia and eyestrain issues. These can be doen post squint correction to improve binocularity and stereopsis/ depth perception.