Vision Therapy is designed to educate the child how the brain controls the eyes, to get better their visual expertise and how to apply these new expertise to better reading, literacy, and attention. Vision Therapy can include the use of lenses, prisms, strainer and computer-supported visual activities. Other source, similar as balance boards, metronomes andnon-computerized visual instruments also can play an important part in a customized vision therapy program. It's important to note that vision therapy isn't defined by a simple list of tools and techniques. Successful vision therapy issues are achieved through a remedial process that depends on the active engagement of the prescribe consultant, the vision therapist, the sufferer and (in the case of children) the child's parents.
There are three main group of vision Therapy
1. “ Orthoptic vision Therapy: Orthoptic vision therapy are used by pediatric ophthalmologists and orthoptists, are eye exercises to get better binocular function and are teach in the office and carried out at home. ” Orthoptics ” is a well- established profession performed by “ Orthoptists ” who work within the sub-specialty of ophthalmology. Orthoptists access and measure eye divergence, manage amblyopia treatment and treat small intermittent characteristic eye divergence.
2. Behavioral/ perceptual vision therapy – eye exercises to better visual processing and visual perception
3. Vision theraphy for forestallment or correction of diplopia (hypermetropia)
When the eyes move, align, fixate and point together, a whole new world of vision is discovered. With successful treatment, our sick person may find that
• Study becomes easier
• Reading ability and speed increases
• Time spent on work decreases
• The capability to follow moving objects( a ball, a vehicle) improves
• Seeing objects close or at a distance improves
• Virtual internal images becomes easier
• The person who Skipping words or lines while reading
• Mixing analogous words, similar ‘ was ’ and ‘ saw ’
• Difficulty in letters to identify such as b, d, p and q
• Difficulty in reading or doing school work or any work
• Holding books too nearly or shake head when reading
• Eyestrain or headaches with doing work or computer use
• Difficulty with reading paragraph
• Blurred or double vision when reading
• Avoiding school or other work
• Poor attention span
Vision Therapy can relieves symptoms and better result for a variety of vision problems, including
• Amblyopia: Also called" lazy eye," amblyopia is a vision development problem where an eye fails to attain normal visual perceptivity, generally due to hypermetropia or other problems of eye teaming.
• Strabismus: The success of vision therapy for hypermetropia depends on the direction, magnitude and frequence of the eye turn. Vision Therapy has been proven effective for treating an intermittent form of hypermetropia called convergence insufficiency, which is an incapability to keep the eyes duly aligned when reading despite better eye vision alignment when looking at far off objects.
• Other binocular vision problems: Subtle eye alignment problems called phorias that may not produce a visible eye turn but still can occur eye strain and eye fatigue when reading also can be minimized or corrected with vision therapy.
• Eye movement disease: Studies have shown vision therapy can better the correctness of eye movements used during reading and other close-up work.
• Other problems: Other vision problems for which vision therapy may be effective include visual- perceptual diseases, vision problems associated with experimental disabilities and vision problems associated with acquired brain injury( similar as from a stroke)
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