Ocular Trauma Surgery

Ocular trauma Surgery in Delhi

Ocular trauma is one of the most under- honored causes of vision loss in the advanced world. Blunt or pervasive ocular trauma can lead to vision loss through cataract or glaucoma. Etiologies of ocular injury differ in civic areas compared to other settings, and differ from country to country, between different regions of the world, and between differing demographic or socioeconomic classes. Ocular trauma, either blunt or puncturing, can affect in visual impairment due to cataract or glaucoma. And ultimately leads to mental, professional and low cost crippling of seekers.

Symptoms: Ocular Trauma

Some common ways in which people injure an eye, including falling, motor vehicle accidents, assaults, unwanted particles in eyes and chemical injury.
Symptoms include
• Eye pain
• Red spots or strain 
• Lump or bleeding
• Discomfort when blinking or moving the eye
• Irregularity in the pupils

Treatment: Ocular Trauma

Trauma to the eye can affect in a number of conditions that could bear medical and/ or surgical management. However, the primary treatment ideal is to protect infection and implicit loss of the eye, If a sufferer sustains a a deep cut or tear in skin of the eye ensure in an open globe. Treatment with systemic broad-scope antibiotics and surgical closure of the eye is initiated, immaculately within 24 hours of the injury. Post-operatively, seekers are started on topical medicament and detect for infection. Treatment generally  involves collaboration of different services similar as cornea, oculoplasty and Retina, to support in the visual refurbish of these sufferer. Counselling on preventative strategies, including the use of proper eye protection, is another significant part of the seekers care.

Diagnostic Procedures

•  PlainX-ray AP and side views are essential to estimate injured eye and route to assess intraocular and additional ocular injuries as well as fractures. It may also descry foreign bodies.
Ultrasonography B- Scan ultrasound is an important examination to descry  intraocular and intraorbital damage, especially when ocular media isn't clear. B- Scanner can be used to envision vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, damage to the extraocular muscles, and scleral rupture. It also provide information on the state of the posterior lens capsule and exudates in vitreous in case of endophthalmitis. It should be used with caution if ruptured globe is suspected, and generally remitted if ruptured globe is known.

CT Scanner In the case of orbital trauma,1.5 to 2 mm cuts should be performed in axial and coronal. CT reflect superior to ultrasound for locating out-of-stater. This is anon-invasive system that doesn' bear direct contact with the eye and may identify damage to traumatized eye, misshaped eye wall, vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment.
MRI May be useful in case of seekers with non-magnetic foreign bodies. Suggestions for use in those with leaders  or implantable metallic equipment vary by type of equipment. It should be used with caution if ruptured globe is suspected, especially in cases of implicit metallic foreign body.

• Full- field electroretinogram In eyes with no light perception, the full- field ERG is an important system to estimate the vitality of photoreceptor function.
• Multifocal ERG This modality may be used to descry  which areas of the retina may have been affected by trauma.

Laboratory tests
A complete blood count, introductory metabolic panel, international regularized rate, prothrombin time( PT), and partial prothrombin time( PTT) may be needed prior to surgery. Sickle cell testing should be considered in c with hyphema.

Feel Free to Contact us at +91-8130780790  for your Ocular Trauma Surgery in Delhi.

Frequently asked question

The first aid for ocular trauma includes gently applying a small cold compress to reduce pain and swelling, avoiding pressure on the eye, and seeking immediate medical attention if there is a foreign object embedded in the eye, a blow to the eye causing bruising or change in vision, or a chemical exposure requiring immediate flushing with water. It is crucial not to rub the eye and to handle the situation with care to prevent further damage.

Treatment for blunt trauma to the eye encompasses various approaches, including:

  • Ice packs: Utilized to alleviate swelling and inflammation.
  • Pain medication: Prescribed to alleviate discomfort.
  • Protective measures: Immediate shielding of the eye to prevent further harm.
  • Steroid eyedrops: Administered to reduce inflammation.
  • Bed rest: Recommended in cases of eye bleeding.
  • Avoidance of certain medications: Patients may be advised to steer clear of aspirin and ibuprofen to minimize re-bleeding risks.
  • Surgical intervention: Essential in severe cases like retinal tear or detachment.
  • Monitoring and follow-up: Regular examinations to track healing progress and address any potential complications.

These treatments are customized to the individual's specific injuries, ensuring optimal recovery and vision preservation.






Yes, eye trauma can indeed result in blindness. Various forms of eye injuries, such as blunt force trauma or penetrative trauma, may lead to temporary or permanent vision loss. Damage to the optic nerve, any part of the eye, or crucial areas of the brain responsible for vision can trigger blindness. Blunt force trauma, characterized by sudden contraction and expansion of the eye, can induce either temporary or permanent blindness. Penetrative trauma occurs when an object penetrates the eye or critical areas of the brain related to vision, potentially causing blindness. Eye trauma can also lead to injuries such as corneal abrasions, iris damage, hyphemas, lacerations, and traumatic brain injuries, all of which can contribute to vision impairment.

Yes, eye trauma can indeed cause nerve damage, particularly to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is susceptible to both direct and indirect trauma, which can impair vision function. Direct injuries to the optic nerve may occur from penetrating trauma, such as orbital fractures linked to mid-facial fractures, while indirect injuries happen when the impact force in a head injury is transmitted to the optic nerve. These injuries can lead to optic nerve avulsion, transection, sheath hemorrhage, orbital hemorrhage, and other complications that affect vision. Optic nerve damage resulting from eye trauma can lead to vision loss, visual field defects, and optic atrophy, which may develop gradually following the injury.

Falling is the most frequent cause of ocular trauma, responsible for a considerable number of eye injuries that result in hospitalizations and various complications related to the eye.

Risk factors for ocular trauma encompass age, gender, socioeconomic status, occupation, housing type, alcohol consumption, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and a history of falls. Studies have shown that men and cigarette smokers are more prone to experiencing ocular trauma. Moreover, specific activities such as hammering/nailing and mowing are identified as risk factors for severe injury resulting from work-related ocular trauma.